Moderator: Community Manager
[Post Reply] [*]  Page 9 of 9  [ 88 posts ]  Go to page « 15 6 7 8 9
Author Message
eswube
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 15th, 2020, 10:13 pm
Offline
Posts: 9589
Joined: June 15th, 2011, 8:31 am
Excellent additions!


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
reytuerto
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 17th, 2020, 5:12 am
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 1313
Joined: February 21st, 2015, 12:03 am
Thanks Char & Eswube for your positive feebback!

In 1930 CAMPSA´s expansion plan, a rather small oil tanker was thought having in mind the city and harbour of Seville. So the vessel must be of limited length for being able to handle the curves of the river Guadalquivir and an equally limited draught. The resulting ship was Campilo a 4,700 tons, with twin B&W 4 stroke diesel engines, and capable of 13 knots in light condition. A modern oiler made in Union Naval de Levante at Valencia, but the engines were made at Barcelona (the first Spanish made maritime diesel engines). Campilo was comissioned in 1934.
[ img ]

But in civilian colors the life of Campilo was short, the same year, the Spanish Navy bought the vessel for being the first fleet oiler, keeping the old name. CAMPSA ordered another tanker of identical charachteristics, but this vessel only was delivered after the end of the war.

During the SCW, Campilo flown the colors of the republic, and was under direct control of the Naval Headquarter at Barcelona instead being with the other naval units at Cartagena. In July 1937 she was shelled by the cruiser Canarias at Barcelona and damaged. Campilo was the last ship fleeing from Cartagena in March 29th 1939 with 430 refugees that went to France in that last sortie.

After the end of the SCW the nationalist found the ship in bad condition, and after several months she was commissioned once again, later she was renamed Pluton in May 1940. Pluton and the more modern Teide were the fleet tankers for almost 30 years, being paid off in 1970.

Credits: I had the inestimable aid of Colombamike since the very beginning of this drawing. Thanks! Cheers.


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
reytuerto
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 18th, 2020, 2:29 am
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 1313
Joined: February 21st, 2015, 12:03 am
Good evening, guys:

Sota y Aznar was the main shipping company in Spain. This Basque company tried to import oil and derivatives and begun talks with the Dutch Shell company and ordered an oil tanker to the also Basque shipyard Euskalduna. But two facts were against Sota y Aznar: the talks with Shell were fruitless; and in 1927 CAMPSA, a monopoly of all the oil trade in Spain, was created. This means that the oil buisness was killed before born, and Sota y Aznat sold the sole oil tanker of the fleet: Artza Mendi.

Artza Mendi was a steam tanker of Sir Joseph Isherwood license. A 114 meters long and 4600 tons vessel, equipped with a single triple expantion steam engine and three boilers the ship was capable of 10.5 knots. She was the first oil tanker built in Spain, in 1921 at a cost of 8,100,000 pesetas, but was sold at a bargain cost of only 2,100,000 (more than 65,000 pounds) to CAMPSA in 1927 and renamed Zorroza.
[ img ]

During the SCW Zorroza was mainly at the Mediterranean Sea, In March 1937 she was torpedoed by the nationalist submarine General Sanjurjo (qv), and survived two torpedo impacts but was able to reach damaged Barcelona. After being repaired in that harbour, in July 1937 she was part of a small convoy of two oilers and one cargo vessel and were sailing close to the French coast of the Gulf of Lyon. Once again the submarine Genaral Sanjurjo found the convoy and begun to shell them (she had expended her load of torpedoes). The cargo ship, Andutz Mendi was heavily shelled but managed to return to Barcelona, as Zorroza and the other tanker did.

After the war Zorroza continued with CAMPSA until being paid off in 1965.

Arnus was a ship ordered by Compañia de Tabacos de Filipinas and designed for the trade of coconut oil. She was built by Swan, Hunter and Wigham Richardson, Ltd in 1922; a 111 meters long and 6500 tons vessel, equipped with twin Neptune diesel engines. In 1928 she was bought by CAMPSA (together with 2 other coconut oil tankers) and renamed Badalona.

[ img ]

In July 1936 she was sailing from Tenerife to Coruña, so she was the only oil tanker in rebel hands at the beginning of the SCW. During the very critical first months of the war was the replenisher oiler of the backbone of the nationalist fleet, the battleship España, the cruisers Canarias and Cervera and the destroyer Velasco. But when sailing alone to the Canary Islands (the main spanish oil refinery was in Tenerife) as a measure of protection, she sailed under german flag with the false name of Sirius.

Badalona survived the Civil War, but had a sad end: in December 1941 she was torpedoed and sunk by the german U-453 submarine (Lt. Egon Reiner von Schlippenbach), off Motril, with 3 KIA, despite the huge neutrality flags painted in the hull.

Credits: In both drawings I had the enormous help of Colombamike, since the inception. Thanks and cheers.


Last edited by reytuerto on November 20th, 2020, 10:09 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Top
[Profile] [Quote]
reytuerto
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 19th, 2020, 4:11 am
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 1313
Joined: February 21st, 2015, 12:03 am
Good evening!

After the creation of the spanish oil monopoly, CAMPSA, only one high seas oil tanker remained in hands of other shipping company, and this vessel was ST Gobeo.

[ img ]

A trunk hull type ship, Gobeo was owned by Compañia Cantabrica de Navegacion, she was built in 1921 by Duncan & Co, a shipyard from Glasgow. With 100 meters long and 4,900 tons she was equipped with a single triple expansion steam engine with 2 boilers, and was capable of 10 knots under ideal conditions (unloaded, clean bottoms and fair weather). Originally built as a dry cargo ship, she was modified as oil tanker with riveted internal tanks, being effectively a double hulled ship. Her cost was of 220,000 pounds. Capable of a liquid load of 5400 tons, the accommodation was bad for the officers, but worse for the crew in the forecastle and for the engine personel living in the stern.

During the Spanish Civil War, as most of the vessels registered in a northen harbour, she was in the republican side. In August 1936 she was able to rescue the remaining oil of the shelled by the francoist destroyer Velasco (qv) Santurce´s depots. After this, she made several trips to the Netherlands, and at least one to Great Britain, from several Spanish harbours of the Bay of Biscay, mainly Bilbao. Gobeo was in this Basque port when Bilbao was surrounded by francoist troops, and was trying to escape with refugees, in June 16th 1937 when she was captured (together with 3 other vessels) by the nationalist armed trawler Galerna (qv).

In rebel hands, Gobeo used to sail from the Canary islands to several harbours of the nationalist territory. But sometimes acted as a replenishment vessel, at least once in September 1937, giving 1100 tons of fuel to the 6 inch gun cruiser Cervera. After the end of the war she was hand over to the original owner. Finally, Gobeo was paid off in 1964 and scrapped.

Credits: This drawing was difficult because the geometry of the hull was/is complicated and also because the almost complete lack of good visual references. Since the inception, Colombamike helped me heavily, with very useful comments. Lot of thanks. Cheers.


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
Novice
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 19th, 2020, 8:30 pm
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 4125
Joined: July 27th, 2010, 5:25 am
Location: Vrijstaat
Amazing work.
All these ships and I suppose more will appear :)

_________________
[ img ] Thank you Kim for the crest

"Never fear to try on something new. Remember that the Titanic was built by professionals, and the Ark by an amateur"


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
reytuerto
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 20th, 2020, 12:15 pm
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 1313
Joined: February 21st, 2015, 12:03 am
Oh, Thanks Novice! Your feedback is very important to me!

Yes, I have more: a couple of oilers (but little ones), and then a magnificent looking (in the black and white photographs) liner.

Here is the first oil tanker: Part of 1930 CAMPSA´s expansion plan, the twins Camprodon and Campalans were little oilers for bunkering in the harbours of Valencia and Barcelona.

[ img ]

They were trunk hull type vessels, with the main deck almost at sea level when fully loaded, but equipped with modern pumps able to move 600 tons of fuel per hour.

During the SCW, Camprodon was hit by aviations bombs and sunk, and Campalans captured with the fall of the Republic. Both vessels were in use after the end of the war and had long lives: in fact, Campalans was only paid off and scrapped in 1984.

Credits: Colombamike helped me since the very beginning (a very detailed a big line drawing), and useful comments of a challenging vessel (little drawing are difficult ones!). Thanks a lot. Cheers.


Last edited by reytuerto on November 20th, 2020, 10:07 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Top
[Profile] [Quote]
eswube
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 20th, 2020, 3:36 pm
Offline
Posts: 9589
Joined: June 15th, 2011, 8:31 am
That series of tankers is really amazing. Keep up the truly excellent work!


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
reytuerto
Post subject: Re: Spanish Civil War vesselsPosted: November 21st, 2020, 9:55 am
Offline
User avatar
Posts: 1313
Joined: February 21st, 2015, 12:03 am
Thanks, Eswube for your important input!

Now, an anonymous little oil tanker, without a relevant life before, during and after the Spanish Civil War, but with an interesting history about the oil buisness in Spain since the second half of the XIX century: El León.

[ img ]

Between 1935 and 1931, the Rothschild Family built an economic empire in Spain, with diverse business from mining to railroads, and from banking to the most importants oil refineries in the country in the XIX century, with the subsidiary Deutsch et Cie.

Deutsch et Cie. was a company established in 1879 between the Rothschilds and Deutsch de La Meurthe with the object of refining and selling the oil from the oilfields from the formers in the Caucasus; in that years the main oil product was kerosene for lamps. In 1890, Deutsch et Cie had 5 refining plants in Spain, producing nearly 100 million liters of kerosene.

In April 1926 Deutsch et Cie oredered to the Corcho Shipyard at San Martin, in Santander a little oil tanker. which was completed in August and named El Leon. This was a barge like vessel of only 38 meters long and a displacement of 600 tons. Equipped with a single Deutz diesel engine and single screw, had a modest speed of 7 knots. But the next year, CAMPSA was created, and the very first ship bought was precisely, El Leon, at a cost of 700,000 pesetas, in July 1928. Almost all her life was in Barcelona, as a bunkering vessel. She was paid off in 1965.

Credits: Colombamike helped me, with a wonderful and detailed line drawing and useful corrections. Thanks a lot. Cheers.


Top
[Profile] [Quote]
Display: Sort by: Direction:
[Post Reply]  Page 9 of 9  [ 88 posts ]  Return to “Real Designs” | Go to page « 15 6 7 8 9

Jump to: 

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 23 guests


The team | Delete all board cookies | All times are UTC


Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Limited
[ GZIP: Off ]