This was an idea running in my mind for many months, what if after World War One, "East Prussia" became an independent nation. Here's my AU's point of divergence:
The Allies impose a "harsher" version of the Treaty of Versailles against the Germans. The victorious Allies had forcibly severed East Prussia from Germany in 1919, and made it an independent nation state, like they did with Austria. The new state would simply be called 'Prussia'. The new Prussian Republic is to remain explicitly separated from the German State perpetually nor can it establish a customs union. Only an agreement of the Council of the League of Nations can approve a political, military or economical union. As a compensation to the restrictions as an independent state, it has a membership to the League of Nations. Prussia is the preferred place of emigration and resettlement for Baltic Germans when the newly independent states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania expropriated their properties. The city of Danzig would be a free city as it was in OTL. A brief war with Poland due to border disputes could also be possible in the early-1920s.
Like what happened to Austria, Prussia would be forcibly annexed by the Germans somehow in 1938-39. After the Second World War, Prussia would become a Soviet satellite state and a member of the Warsaw Pact, and again returning to democracy in 1990. It would be joining NATO in 1999 and the European Union. Geographically it would be the considered the fourth of the Baltic States.
Flag of the Prussian Republic
Coat of Arms of Prussia
Prussian Republic (German: Preußischen Republik)
Capital and Largest City:
Population (2018 Est.):
Type of Government:
unitary semi-presidential parliamentary republic
Head of State:
Head of Government:
GDP (2018 Est.):
Per Capita GDP:
Economy and Communications:
Agriculture is the main economical activity, however land property is concentrated in large holdings that are property of the junkers. This has not stopped the development of and important industry of food processing and farm equipment manufacturing. Fishing is one of the important national industries, with big fishing ports in Königsberg and Neukuhren and lesser ones in Zimmerbude and Rossitten. On the coast around Königsberg are the world's leading source of amber.
The main port and airport are in Königsberg. The main airline is Preussischen Flug (PF). The Seedienst Preussen or Sea Service Prussia is a ferry connection between the German provinces of Pomerania and, later, Schleswig-Holstein and Danzig. The railroad network (Preußische Ostbahn) serves mainly between Danzig and Königsberg. The secret naval rearmament of Germany facilitated the improvement and expansion of Prussian shipyards. Ostmarken Rundfunk AG (ORAG) is the public broadcaster.
With help of experts from the League of Nations, in 1922 it was established the Preußischen Nationalbank has the central bank of Prussia.
Government and Politics:
The legislature is vested in the Prussian Landtag, elected every 4 years. The Executive power is divided between the President and State Chancellor. The President, who is the Head of State, is elected by a joint assembly of the Landtag and delegates of Government Districts (German: Regierungsbezirk) for a mandate of six years. The State Chancellor is the Head of the Government. He is appointed by the President and names the Ministerial Council. The State Chancellor and Ministerial Council are politically responsible before the Landtag and can be dismissed by a vote of no confidence. The Supreme Court is in charge of the judiciary and administration of lower courts.
The main political parties are: Preußischer Kommunistische Partei (PKP, communist), Preußischer Sozialdemokratische Partei (PSDP, social democracy), Christliche Volkspartei (CVP, socialchristian), Preußischer Volkspartei (PVP, liberal), Preußischer Konservative Volkspartei (PKVP, conservative) Preußischer Nationale Volkspartei (PNVP, conservative and nationalist) and Preußischen Bauernpartei (PBP, agrarian).
The Polish minority is represented by the Polnische Nationaldemokratische Partei (PNDP, Polish National Democratic Party), a section of the Polish party of the same name), later renamed Polnische Volkspartei (PVP, Polish People's Party).
However the Masurians, considered a Polish group but strongly Germanized, in their majority voted to remain as part of East Prussia in the plebiscite organized in the regions Warmia (Ermland), Masuria (Mazury, Masuren) and Powiśle.
The signing of the Armistice in 1920 produce a full retreat to East Prussia and Germany of what was left of the Imperial Army (Reichsheer). The retreat involved fighting with Polish forces that tried to seize all the territory they could in order to establish de facto Polish lands. Reichsheer was also fleeing from the Red Army that moved towards Warsaw. A large portion of manpower stayed in East Prussia checking on the advance of Polish forces.
The establishment of the Prussian Republic by the LoN and the arrival of British, French and Italian forces marked the dissolution of the Reichsheer in the East. The previous Prussian State Police, railway, customs, and municipal police forces were organized in a central and military disciplined Prussian Police (Preußischen Polizei) and Prussian Criminal Police (Preußischen Kriminalpolizei).
In 1921, Prussian decreed the creation of the Prussian Land Forces (Preußischen Landstreitkräfte). The following year mandatory conscription is established and the Prussian Armed Forces (Preußischen Streitkräfte) is organized. It is complemented with the creation of the Prussian Air Force (Preußischen Luftstreitkräfte) and Prussian Maritime Force (Preußischen Seestreitkraft). Currently it has 25,000 active personnel and 30,000 reservists, which makes it as the largest military in of all the Baltic States.
Konigsberg, the capital of the Prussian Republic
List of Ships of the Prussian Maritime Force
Whiskey class diesel electric attack submarines (1967-1999)
Seewolf class coastal submarines (1936-1944)
Konigsberg class corvette as planned
Braunsburg class corvette (1989-2016)
Fast Attack Crafts
Amphibious Assault Ships