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KIKE92
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: August 29th, 2016, 3:28 pm
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Thanks guys, i choosed the Mirage F1 for the VNAF because i thought i gave a good combination of cost and performance as well as versatility.

By mid 1944 a decision was taken by the Army to up gun the T-43 medium tank as well as the T-44 Heavy tank. The guns chosen for the new variants were the 100 mm for the T-43 and the 120 mm for the T-44. reequipping the T-44 with the new gun wasn't particularly difficult since the tank had been designed from the outset to be easily upgraded while the T-43 on the other hand did require more extensive modifications which led to the adoption of a new turret based on that of the T-44. The new variants were developed relatively quickly with the first units entering service in early 1945, but the late service entry meant the new tanks didn't see much action South America, although some were used in Europe by the British and the Spanish where they encountered the latest German tanks like the Panther and the King Tiger.

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KIKE92
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 6th, 2016, 11:34 am
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CAV T-21 Toro

The T-21 Toro was developed against a 1953 Venezuelan Air Force requirement for a new tactical transport to equip the Transport Aviation. The Venezuelan Air Force ordered two XT-21 prototypes from CAV in June 1954 and the first of these flew for the first time on July 23 1958. The first production T-21A Toro flew in April 1959. The T-21 adopted the basic military transport configuration, with a high wing with minimal obstruction of the fuselage and a rear loading freight ramp. Other features included Aerotécnica TH-54 turboprops, pressurisation and limited STOL performance. The T-21s external configuration has remained largely unchanged. The improved T-21B entered service in mid 1961. Compared with the T-21A, the B introduced more powerful engines, strengthened undercarriage and greater fuel capacity. In 1962 production switched to the T-21C with more powerful engines with greater hot and high performance, increased max takeoff weight, some structural strengthening and larger external fuel tanks, mounted between the engines. Most of the VAF's fleet of 200 plus Toros are T-21C. The T-21C was first introduced in 1965. Early T-21Cs featured more powerful engines, while changes introduced to the C over the following 20 years include structural strengthening and updated avionics.

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pegasus206
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 6th, 2016, 10:38 pm
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nice work KIKE :D :D

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adenandy
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 7th, 2016, 11:33 am
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Excellent work Kike :!:

Jolly well done old chap :p

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KIKE92
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 11th, 2016, 4:34 pm
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Revisiting some old planes.
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KIKE92
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 25th, 2016, 7:26 pm
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VAI CJ-1-100 Prototype
The VAI CJ-1 is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by Venezuelan Aerospace Industries. The CJ-1 is the first Venezuelan airliner with both fuselage and wing structures made primarily of carbon-fibre-reinforced polymer. Its variants seat 325 to 366 passengers in typical three-class seating layouts. The CJ-1 is positioned to succeed the VA140 and AC-10, and compete with Boeing's 787, 777 and Airbuses A330, A340 and A350.

During the early 1990s, the Venezuelan government began talks with the largest Venezuelan manufacturers in order to encourage them merge so they could compete more effectively against US and European manufacturers. The main manufacturers, CAV, VeneAvia and Aerotécnica, agreed to merge and in 1999 Venezuelan Aerospace Industries was formed with the new company in charge development, construction and marketing of all the aircraft developed by the founding companies, it was decided the existing aircraft would retain their original designations while the newly developed designs would named according to the new companies designation system.

Development of the new airliner began in early 2000, originally as a stretched VA140 with redesigned wings and more powerful engines that could compete with the Boeing 777 and the Airbus A330 while an upgraded AC-10 variant would compete with the A340 and the Boeing 747, but with the September 11, 2001 attacks and increased petroleum prices, making airlines more interested in efficiency than speed and Boeing’s launch of the 7E7, it was decided to scrap development of the improved VA140 and AC-10 and at the same time develop a new range of airliners that would replace all the Venezuelan airliners in service.

The aircraft's initial designation was the CJ-X, prior to its renaming in February 2004. The first CJ-1 was unveiled in a roll-out ceremony on July 5, 2009 at VAI’s Ciudad Guyana factory. Development and production of the CJ-1 has involved a large-scale collaboration with numerous suppliers worldwide. Final assembly takes place at the VAI Ciudad Guyana factory, and at the VAI Bogotá factory. Originally planned to enter service in October 2010, the project experienced several delays due to engine development problems. The airliner's maiden flight took place on December 21, 2011, and completed flight testing in mid-2012.

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eswube
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: September 28th, 2016, 9:03 pm
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Looks impressive.

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KIKE92
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: October 9th, 2016, 10:53 am
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Avro Canada CF-106 Lance
The Avro Canada CF-106 Lance is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Avro Canada in the Canada. It is considered to belong to the Canadian third-generation jet fighter category. Development began as early as 1959 when the Avro design team realized the Arrow would only be capable of performing very limited roles such as interception and reconnaissance and I wouldn’t be long before the RCAF asked for a more versatile aircraft to complement the Arrow. The CF-106's predecessor, the CF-105, was fast but limited in its operational capabilities by its large size, narrow role and lack of maneuverability. The CF-106 was to be a smaller, more versatile machine designed to remedy these deficiencies, and match other aircraft like the F-4 Phantom. The new fighter was to feature improved sensors and weapon system capable of firing beyond-visual-range (BVR) missiles and also ground attack weapons. A major design consideration was take-off and landing performance. The CF-105 with its large delta wing required very long runways which restricted their tactical usefulness. The RCAF demanded the new aircraft have a much shorter take-off run. Low-level speed and handling was also to be improved over the CF-105. This led Avro to consider lift jets, to provide an additional lift component, and variable-geometry wings designs.

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The order to start series production of the CF-106 was given in December 1962. The first production CF-106 took to the air on 11 May 1965. The General Dynamics F-111 and McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II were the main Western influences on the CF-106. The Canadians, however, wanted a much lighter fighter to maximize agility. Both the F-111 and the F-4 were designed as fighters, but the heavy weight and inherent stability of the F-111 turned it into a long-range interdictor and kept it out of the fighter role and the Phantom suffered considerable stability problems. The CF-106’s designers kept the CF-106 lighter than the F-4 and agile enough to dogfight with enemy fighters.The first major production model, the CF-106 Mk.3, first flew in January 1971. The Mk.3 was largely similar to the Mk.2, having a full operational fit. The Mk.3 was equipped with the Orenda 19 turbojet engine with greater thrust. The CF-106 Mk.3 was armed with twin 30 mm ADEN cannons fitted in the belly with the gun ports under the fuselage. Unlike early Mk.2s the Mk.3 had two extra stores pylons, one under each wing. The outboard pylon was intended to carry infra red guided Air to Air missiles. A total of 162 Mk.3s were obtained by the Royal Canadian Air Force, with initial operational deliveries in July 1971. The Mk.3 remained in service with the RCAF until 1988 although most of the fleet was quickly upgraded to the Mk.4 standard from 1974 onwards. The RCAF also ordered a two-seat Mk.3T operational trainer, which first flew in March 1971 and the Mk.3R for reconnaissance missions. While the Mk.3 was being put into production, Avro was also considering an improved variant of the aircraft with greater ground attack capabilities, which eventually materialized as the Mk.4. The first of three prototypes flew on 1 February 1972. The Mk.4 differed from the Mk.3 interceptor most obviously in having more powerful engines, improved avionics and radar. The first production Mk.4 was delivered to the RCAF in July 1972, and a total of 336 were eventually delivered to that RCAF plus a total of 172 Mk.3 airframes upgraded to the Mk.4 standard. Total production of the Mk.4, including exports, was substantial, totalling 820 aircraft.

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Avro Canada actively marketed the CF-106 abroad attracting interest from several potential costumers, the first country to show interest on the CF-106 was the Hellenic Kingdom as far back as 1965, the Royal Hellenic Air Force wanted a fighter with long range missiles, large CAP time, but also agile enough for dogfights. After a survey in international market, only the CF-106 was found to fulfill all requirements. A license for local production was acquired with the deal covering the delivery of an initial batch of Canadian built aircraft to be followed by aircraft and engines manufactured in the Hellenic kingdom. Thanks to its aggressive marketing campaign Avro managed to secure deals with Australia and the United Kingdom again with both countries making arrangements for local production. Delivery of the first Hellenic CF-106's took place in October 1973 with a pair CF-106 Mk.4H powered by Orenda 20 thundering above the Thessaloniki Military Parade. Full production of the CF-106 Mk.4H began in the Hellenic kingdom in 1975, by then the Hellenic order had increased to a total of 260 aircraft for the Air force and the Navy. In 1977 the Hellenic Factory of Turbine Engines began a project to upgrade Orenda 20/22 engines for Hot climates re-designating them as the 20M/22M variants. With the main difference being the installation of a new Hellenic designed afterburner, increasing thrust to 20,400lb guaranteed minimum, entering production in 1979.

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Another major costumer for the CF-106 was the United Kingdom, in the mid sixties the RAF and the Royal Navy realized their interceptors such as the English Electric Lightning, suffered badly both in terms of range, loiter time and weapons fit, all of which hampered its effectiveness, especially in long interceptions of Soviet Air Forces and Soviet Naval Aviation bombers and reconnaissance aircraft over the North Sea and North Atlantic. Originally the both services had showed interest in the McDonnell F-4 Phantom in 1965 but the Phantoms shortcomings and its performance during the Vietnam war pushed the British to consider other alternatives, in 1966 a commission was sent to Canada to examine the new Avro CF-106, the report presented to the government stated that the Canadian aircraft was superior to the Phantom and it recommended the aircraft for British service. The decision was delayed due to the US governments insistence for the UK to order the Phantom, but the British government rejected the aircraft ones more, then in 1970 in a last attempt to beat the Canadians the US government offered the brand new F-14 Tomcat then in testing to the Royal Navy and the RAF, going as far sending an F-14 to Britain to be tested. British pilots had no doubt the F-14 was the best fighter available at the time but it was still in testing and its cost would never allow either the RAF or the FAA to acquire the number of aircraft they required, this lead the British government to place an order for the CF-106.

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The UK's adoption of the CF-106 attracted the attention of the Royal Australian Air Force which at the time was looking for an aircraft that could perform a variety of missions from long range interception and interdiction to anti-ship strike and that would fill the gap between the Australian Mirage IIIs and their TSR2s. In 1971 a delegation of the RAAF visited Canada to examine the CF-106. After a series of test flights and briefing from Avro's mechanics and test pilots the RAAF delegation recommended the purchase of the CF-106, the contract was signed in late 1971, this included a license to produce the CF-106 in Australia. The first ten aircraft were delivered directly from Canada and put into service with RAAF in 1974. In the 1980s, a Mid life Upgrade program was conducted to evolve the CF-106's capabilities. The MLU process permitted the quick introduction of new capabilities, at lower costs and with reduced risks compared to traditional independent upgrade programs. In 1985, the RCAF had allocated funds to upgrade 350 CF-106s while waiting for the CF-107 to enter service. This upgrade included installation of a wide-angle HUD, a digital mission computer and some structural improvements. The main updates involved the radar, mission computer, HOTAS, the addition of an in flight refueling probe and the replacement of the original engines by the more powerful and reliable Orenda 20/22M. The upgraded aircraft first flew on July 1987 and was formally accepted on August 1987. The MLU program was also applied to British, Australian and Hellenic CF-106s.

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Following the development of the MLU upgrade, Avro continued to experiment with yet more upgrades for the CF-106 series, named the Super Lance. Unlike the upgraded Mk.4s, the Super Lance was powered by the Orenda 25 engine used in the CF-107. The prototype, a conversion of a CF-106 Mk.4, flew in December 2002. Avionics were completely modernized, taking advantage from the development effort for the new CF-107 variants and the 5th generation CF-110 fighter then in development. The Super Lance upgrade added a fly-by-wire system to the aircraft, and featured an advanced nav/attack system; new multimode AESA radar; and a laser rangefinder system. The new engine gave the Super Lance impressive performance. The upgrade was originally intended for export CF-106s only but with increasing delays in the 5th generation aircrafts development the upgrade began to be applied to RCAF aircraft in 2004 with the upgraded aircraft designated as CF-106 MK.8. Of the CF-106 operators only the Hellenic Kingdom chose to upgrade its aircraft with the UK and Australia opting to procure more modern aircraft.

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odysseus1980
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: October 9th, 2016, 4:30 pm
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Wonderful paint job and quite realistic back up history, My favorite CF-106 is the RN Mk.5, concerning colors. All we need now is a CF-106 scaled down to SB-scale and the aircraft carriers.


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Garlicdesign
Post subject: Re: United States of Venezuela (FD Scale)Posted: October 10th, 2016, 11:46 am
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Hello again!

Beautiful plane and a credible naval all-rounder for the RN, enabling them to go with a single type instead of having to split their limited air groups between Phantoms and Buccaneers. I like it very much! Maybe someone could downscale it to SB scale for use on the Ark Royal class and the CVA-01...

Greetings
GD


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