Good afternoon. Thanks, Eswube! More guns of the SCW.
Pistola Campo Giro Modelo 1913-16 was the first locally designed pistol.
It was a delayed blowback design, an odd choice for a pistol chambered for the powerful 9 x 23 mm cartridge. Well made (by Esperanza y Unceta, at the Basque Country) and accurate, this pistol was adopted by the Spanish Army in 1914. The heavy spring of the mechanism used to deal with the recoil made the disassembly somewhat difficult. Campo-Giro was the direct forerunner of the Astra 400.
A German designed submachine gun of the 1920s and 30s, ERMA EMP, was made without license in Valencia during the SPW, hence the local nickname "Naranjero" ("orange grower", oranges are an emblematic product of the Spanish Levant).
This guns were chambered in 9 mm Parabellum. After the end of the SCW the routed republicans went to France and many of this smg from the disarmed spaniards ended in french depots. The French adopted this SMG for their own service under the name Pistolet-Mitrailleur Erma–Vollmer de 9mm. After the fall of France in June 1940, the EMP were used by the German police and SS under the name MP 740(f).
The victorious francoist forces adopted the EMP as the main SMG of the Spanish Army. They purchased the license and built the EMP as Subfusil La Coruña Modelo 1941/44.
Almost identical, it was slightly shorter and had an additional security device, and was chambered for the spanish 9 mm Largo.
Finally, in the 1920s, the Spanish Army bought a batch of french Hotchkiss Modele 1922 but with a top magazine instead the usual strip, and chambered for the rimless 7x57 round.
The open magazine seems an odd choice, the experience of severe malfunction with Chauchat LMG open magazines with the dirt of the battlefield was recent. And in a dry and sandy enviroment like Morocco, the attricion would be even worse. Cheers.